You set foot excitedly outside in the morning to see what new growth and new vegetables await you in the garden. Only, instead of a big zucchini or more tomatoes, you have a trail of farmer’s tears. The leaves are chewed away. Pesky insects have bored holes into all of the tomatoes, and the zucchini looks like you forgot about it 2 months ago. That’s just overnight.
Most gardeners, even beginners, are aware of the macronutrients, such as potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorous. Now, they are a necessity. Though, without micronutrients, which include molybdenum, manganese, chloride, boron, iron, copper, and zinc.
Each of these micronutrients contributes in specific ways to lowering the chances of disease and insect “attacks”.
First, ensure that you take the time to check the pH of the soil where your plants are growing. If it is too acidic, then stunted growth and lame or hollow stems may be all that’s growing. To reverse this sad and unimpressive trend, boron is in order. Boron is necessary for germination, pollen generation, and even the sticking power of flowers. To get plants to grow healthy and strong, boron needs to be a part of their diet.
Manganese is another nutrient that is vital for plants. In this case, plants cannot perform photosynthesis or metabolic functions without it. The tell-tale sign that manganese is lacking is spots on the leaves. Though, you probably will notice more of the leaves are actually on the ground than on the plant. If you see white, gray, or brown spots, and increased droppage of leaves then you can expect manganese is needed.
Chloride is another nutrient that is vital for healthy plants. Its role is necessary for the stomatal opening on the leaf surface. If you have guessed that this is integral for water loss, then you are right. Evaporation occurs here. Chloride ensures that the plant actually regulates water loss, rather than dropping all the water, which dries out the leaves.
If leaves are wilted, now you have a clue why that is happening. Introduce chloride to reverse the problem.
Iron plays roles in many processes. If you had to choose one nutrient to introduce tomorrow, choose this one. It manages energy transfer, the making of chlorophyll also speeds up chemical reactions to kick off energy production, and pushes nitrogen fixation. Yellow leaves are a sure sign that it is time to get on the ball and introduce iron.
Moly-what? Molybdenum is essential for pollen formation. That means without molybdenum, you might see a lag in production of grains and fruit. Many love to have a bumper crop. There’s no bumper crop without this essential nutrient. It works by initializing enzyme systems that work on nitrogen fixation that allows a healthy relationship with good bacteria. Plants typically do not require a lot of this nutrient to be healthy, so your best guess is that this is probably not lacking.
Zinc is essential in germination and its enzymes kick off energy production, the production of all plant proteins and manage growth. Zinc is necessary for growth.
To enjoy stronger plants from the cell on up, copper is necessary. Copper increases the cell wall through lignin production. Lignin helps prevent wilting and encourages and kicks off nitrogen and carbohydrate metabolism. If you see the leaves are only pale green then copper is probably lacking.
The bad news is having diseased and sad plants that are eaten by insects. The good news is that there are plenty of steps to take to increase the health of plants simply by feeding them the nutrients they need.